Mixing Pizza Dough by hand | Neapolitan Pizza from scratch | Part 1

Mixing pizza dough by hand

Mixing pizza dough by hand is the most authentic way. It’s also really easy and very rewarding.

In part 1 of this series about making Neapolitan pizza from scratch, I explain everything you need to know about mixing pizza dough by hand. As well as the recipe at the bottom of the page, I have also made a video below so you can follow along at home.

Mixing pizza dough by hand

You can check out part 2 on kneading the dough here. I have another video and article showing you everything you need to know about kneading (excuse the pun)!

If you want to find out more about mixing pizza dough by hand then read on! I have provided detailed instructions below as well as the recipe at the bottom of the page.

Hand mixed Neapolitan pizza
Mixing pizza dough by hand leads to pizza like this one I made earlier!

There really is no substitute for handmade pizza. Try out this simple way of mixing pizza dough by hand and you’ll never use any other method. It really is easy!

Introduction to mixing pizza dough by hand

I think most people think mixing pizza dough by hand is something that’s too advanced for them. In reality, it really isn’t that difficult. It’s also quite rewarding and theraputic!

What’s more, it’s inexpensive and it’s quite a lot of fun. If you have kids, get them involved and make it a bit of family fun, they’ll love it!

Mixing pizza dough by hand
That’s me mixing pizza dough by hand

Mixing pizza dough by hand will also develop your dough skills as quickly as possible. You will quickly gain a feel for the dough and an understanding of how it works.

What you’ll need for hand mixing pizza dough

The list of things you’ll need for hand mixing is pretty small:

And that is all you need! Chances are you’ll have a large bowl and a jug anyway.

You may even have some digital scales. Most digital scales are fine for weighing the ingredients.

However, you will need some accurate digital scales for weighing the yeast. But you can pick these up cheap on Amazon.

Scales for pizzamaking

The main type of scales that I recommend are the ones where the entire top of the scale can weight ingredients. The classic example of this are the salter scales that I use:

Modern digital scales for mixing hand mixed pizza dough
Classic Salter digital scales

You may have some old digital scales in the cupboard which should do the job. However, it can be quite easy to get a false reading when weighing your dough. Sometimes the bowl or dough you are weighing doesn’t sit on the scales properly. Especially with some of the older models.

Also, most of the old digital scales I’ve used (like the ones below) time out quickly so you lose your measurement half way through. And they’re often very delayed so you end up adding too many ingredients and having to take some out.

Old digital scales for mixing hand mixed pizza dough
The old scales I used before upgrading – they still worked OK

But if you’re looking for some new ones, I can highly recommend the classic Salter scales I use. They are very reasonable priced and they are usually available on Amazon.

In the end, just use whichever scales you have available. I would highly recommend weighing everything and working in grams though. Using cups is inaccurate and makes achieving consistently great hand mixed pizza dough very difficult.

Accurate scales for weighing yeast

Whilst the salter scales are an excellent option for pizza dough in general, they only have an accuracy of 1g. This is plenty good enough for weighing flour, water, and salt.

When it comes to yeast, however, we really need some scales accurate to 0.01g. That’s right 0.01g! This is especially true if we’re doing long proves, like 24 hours. Take a look at the accurate digital scales I have below.

Accurate digital scales for making hand mixed pizza dough
The accurate digital scales I use for weighing yeast

With Neapolitan pizza, prove/fermentation times typically range from 12 hours – 48 hours. For this, we will need some scales that are capable of measuring tiny amounts of yeast.

The ones I have are very reliable, cheap, and you can usually find them on amazon.

The only downside with these scales is that they can only weigh up to 500g. But if you have some regular digital scales anyway then you only need to use these for weighing yeast. Perfect!

Ingredients for hand mixed pizza dough

The ingredients for a classic handmade Neapolitan pizza dough are really simple. You only need 4 ingredients:

Most great bread in general only uses these 4 ingredients. You can experiment with adding olive oil but it’s not traditional and personally I don’t find it helps a deal.

In fact, I actually find that adding oil can make your pizza burn too easily. If you are working with an oven which doesn’t get very hot though, it could be useful.

Best flour for homemade pizza

In general, the best flour for homemade pizza, or any pizza for that matter, is 00 flour. This is a finely milled flour which is quite high in protein.

Because the flour is so fine, it produces a dough which is wonderfully soft. And due to the high protein content, it produces a dough which is very strong. This allows the pizza to be stretched out really thin by hand.

Caputo pizzeria is a type of flour which is generally regarded as one of the best pizza flours in the world. It is a 00 flour from Italy, which is made specifically for Neapolitan style pizza.

Caputo Pizzeria flour for hand mixed pizza
My huge bag of Caputo Pizzeria flour!”

Caputo Pizzeria is my favourite flour for hand mixed pizza dough, as you can see from the picture above. I bought a giant bag of it! This is typically the cheapest way to buy the flour but you can often find smaller bags on Amazon.

If Amazon don’t have the smaller bags in, they often have the large chef bags, like the one I have. Obviously it’s more money but also much better value for money. You could always split the cost with a friend, or just make loads of pizza!

Another great option for 00 flour that I’ve used quite a lot is called Molino Grassi. It is an Italian 00 flour which is designed for pizza and pasta. I have used it for both and found that it makes excellent hand mixed pizza dough. It is also generally more cost effective than Caupto flour.

If you can’t get any of these flours then try to get any 00 flour which is meant for pizza making. Most supermarkets stock 00 flour, and most of it is perfectly fine to use.

Failing this, you could always use some Strong White Bread Flour. This type of flour is available everywhere and can be used instead of 00 flour due to it’s high protein. Just bear in mind that you will need to add a little more water if using Strong White Bread Flour (see recipe at end of article).

Best salt for pizza dough

Salt is very important in pizza dough. As well as seasoning the dough, salt also helps to build strength in the dough as it proves.

To be honest, it doesn’t really matter which type of salt you use, as long as it’s fine. I just tend to use cheap regular table salt like the one below. Table salt is cheap, fine, and easy to add to your mixing bowl.

Best salt for pizza dough
This is the salt I use for hand mixed pizza dough

The salt need to be fine so that it mixes evenly into the dough. If you have coarse salt then just be sure to grind it down in a salt mill or a pestle and mortar.

The problem with using a salt grinder is that we need to add quite a lot of salt to our dough so it will take a long time. This is why regular table salt is great, and why most pizzerias use it.

Best yeast for homemade pizza dough

There are many different types of yeast you can use for hand mixed pizza dough. However, for most people, I recommend using instant dried yeast. It is readily available, cheap, lasts for a long time, and is really easy to use.

Dried yeast for mixing pizza dough by hand
This is the type of yeast I recommend for most people

Fresh yeast is also a great option but it does require a bit more work. For this recipe, I’m sticking to instant dried yeast. Dried yeast is available in most supermarkets or online.

If you want more information on different yeast, check out my article on fresh vs dried yeast here.

If you get instant dried yeast (easy bake) you can add it straight to your flour. If you get active dried yeast, you will need to whisk it into your water first.

Pizza dough mixing method

The method for mixing the ingredients by hand is super easy and barely requires any explanation.

Mixing pizza dough in a bowl by hand
Don’t be afraid to get stuck in!

Simply place your fingers together so there are no gaps in your hand. Starting from the middle of the bowl, stir in a circling motion, bringing the ingredients together.

Once you start forming a dough, press down in order to incorporate as much flour into the dough as possible. For Neapolitan pizza, we want quite a dry dough that will be really strong.

Stretching Neapolitan pizza
Neapolitan dough is very strong and can be stretched out really thin

This will enable us to stretch the pizza out really thin. Don’t worry if your dough looks dry, it will become smooth after we rest if for 30 minutes and especially after kneading.

Let’s get mixing pizza dough by hand!

Now we have everything we need, let’s jump into mixing the pizza dough. Follow the recipe below and check out the video at the top of this page.

The Recipe – Mixing Neapolitan Pizza Dough by hand

  • Makes 4 x 250g pizzas
  • Amount of yeast is for a 20-24 hour prove
  • Assumed room temperature of around 18-20C/65-70F
  • Dry dough (low hydration) allows for easy kneading and shaping
  • Slightly more/less flour can be used as required


With 00 flour:

With Strong White Bread Flour:


  1. Add water to bowl
  2. Add flour to water
  3. Add salt to one side of flour
  4. Add yeast to opposite side of yeast (to prevent the salt from killing the yeast)
  5. Place fingers together so there are no gaps in between fingers
  6. Starting from the middle, mix the ingredients in a circular motion
  7. Once the dough starts coming together, rub the side of the bowl with your hand to free all the flour
  8. Push down on the dough using the heel of your hand to incorporate all the flour (or as much as possible)
  9. Place the dough in a clean bowl and cover with cling film or place in a plastic bag
  10. Leave the dough to rest for around 30 minutes before you start kneading

And that’s it! Mixing pizza dough by hand really is that simple. Check out part 2 here where I explain the kneading of the dough.


  • The exact amount of yeast required will depend on your room temperature and the type of yeast you are using. Check out my pizza dough calculator here to help you figure that out. You’ll need more yeast for a cold room and less yeast for a warm room.

Hand mixed Neapolitan pizza dough

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Final thoughts on mixing pizza dough by hand…

The mixing is so easy and once you’ve done it, you’re ready to move onto the kneading in part 2.

Please feel free to watch the video and leave me a comment on YouTube and subscribe or like if you found the video useful. You can also leave a comment at the bottom of this page.

I’m new to making videos and I want them to be as good as possible so your feedback is greatly appreciated.

I’ve tried to go into as much detail about mixing pizza dough by hand as possible in the video. Everything in the video is what I wish I knew when I started making pizza.

Authentic Neapolitan Pizza

Get making some excellent pizza by hand!

I recommend that everyone tries mixing pizza dough by hand before they go to using a kitchen mixer. You may find that you want to use your hands all the time. It’s quite addictive!

Good luck, and get mixing!

Tom Rothwell from My Pizza Corner eating homemade pizza

About Me

I’m Tom Rothwell and I’m super passionate about all kinds of homemade pizza! In the last few years I've been on a quest to find the perfect pizza. Now I'm sharing what I've found out with the world!

Ooni Pizza Ovens
Tom Rothwell's Ooni pizza oven

My Pizza Oven

I often get asked what type of oven I use for my pizzas. Well, I use a pizza oven made by a company called Ooni.

The range of pizza ovens that Ooni offers is just brilliant. They cover all bases, and all price points. There's affordable and portable models such as the Fyra 12 Pizza Oven and then there's state-of-the-art models such as the Karu 16 Pizza Oven pictured below.

In all honesty, I would say that the oven makes a huge difference. If you're looking to make authentic Italian pizza, a pizza oven is a must.

Pizza cooked in Ooni pizza oven

By clicking the link below and purchasing from Ooni, you would be supporting this website. I've been using their ovens for a long time now and I wouldn't recommend them if I didn't believe in their products.

Time to make some amazing pizza!

K16 - US
  1. Avatar for Rex Rex says:

    Why doesn’t your dough recipe have any oil? I made your dough EXACTLY to your directions. It was a bit dry before the 30 minute resting (I know I could have added less flour. You did say that). It was perfect after the 30 minute rest. I knead the dough for 12 minutes with a tiny amount of bench flour. The dough looks great. Here’s where I veered. I then brushed on a small amount of olive oil before storing it in the fridge. I’ll let you know how the pizza turns out 36 to 48 hours from now.

    1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

      Hi Rex, I’m glad you’re happy with your dough so far!

      I’m trying to be as true to the Neapolitan style as possible, which doesn’t include oil. The main reason for this is that the pizza is intended to be cooked in a pizza oven which reaches temperatures of up to 500C/900F. At these temperatures oil in the dough can cause the pizza to burn easily.

      However, I have also used this exact recipe in a regular oven with excellent results. If you wish to experiment though, you can try substituting some of the water in the recipe for olive oil. This may help you to achieve a better crust and colour when cooking in a regular oven.

      Also, dough can easily dry out during a long prove, especially in the dry air of a refrigerator. In this case, I don’t mind brushing a little oil on the dough to protect it as it proves.

      I hope that answered your question!

      1. Avatar for Rex Rex says:

        I finished the pizzas. I made some of the dough into a Roman style pepperoni pizza. I made the rest of the dough into 2 traditional neopolitan style pizzas. They all came out great! This is my new dough recipe. I really appreciate you sharing your recipe. Keep up the good work!

        1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

          No problem Rex, thanks a lot for the kind words. I’m so glad the pizzas turned out so well for you!

          And stay tuned for more content, I’m working on the rest of this series. I’ll be uploading the next part shortly.


  2. Ooni Karu
  3. Avatar for James H James H says:

    Do you adjust the amount of yeast depending on the temperature? It’s getting a bit cold in the UK now and I was wondering if I would need to add a bit more if I leave it in the kitchen (about 16-18 degrees) or should I prove it in the airing cupboard now?

    1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

      Hi James, good question. Yes, you should add a little more yeast, or prove in a warmer place, or prove for a bit longer. Try not to rely too much on timings, they’re useful for a good estimate but be sure to keep checking your dough.

      A great app I use regularly is called PizzApp+. I’ve found it to be useful for estimating yeast quantities based on temperature and prove time. I’ll be bringing out an article on this in the near future so stay tuned. I have mentioned it at the bottom of the no knead article here.


  4. Ooni Karu
  5. Avatar for Melanie Melanie says:

    I love the site – thanks. I made the poolish which is fine and then added the rest if the flour but decided to use strong bread flour for half of it and when I came to mix it all together I’ve had to add a bit more water and leave for the hour as it looked a bit dry.

    1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

      Hi Melanie, I’m glad you like the site. And stay tuned because I have a lot more planned!

      With strong white bread flour you do generally need to add a little more water to the dough. But don’t worry too much if your dough looks a little dry initially. It will become softer as it rests and as it proves.

      I think a lot of people tend to add too much water in an effort to make a soft dough. But after proving, when it comes to shaping, they end up with a dough which is too soft and sticky. This makes the dough really difficult to stretch. It is then easy to end up with a thick and doughy pizza.

      This is why I recommend starting with a drier to dough to make stretching as easy as possible. Once you have mastered this with a drier dough (56% – 58% hydration) you can then start gradually increasing the hydration to experiment, if you wish.

      Good luck with the pizza!

  6. Ooni Karu
  7. Avatar for Rachel manna Rachel manna says:

    Hi Tom
    Thank you so much for providing much information regarding poolish pizza. It’s all bit overwhelming as I have never made poolish pizza
    Could you please provide the correct measurements to make 4 poolish pizza at about 80% hydration, I have been told the higher hydration the better the pizza. Can I double the ingredients if I need to make more.
    I did watch your video but it wasn’t poolish pizza.

    Thanking you so much for your advice.

    1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

      Hi Rachel, I’m not going to provide a recipe for 80% hydration because I think it is too high. It is certainly too high for Neapolitan pizza which typically falls in the 55%-65% range.

      Higher hydration only leads to better pizza if you have the correct flour for it and you know what you’re doing (an expert). 80% is incredibly high hydration dough! It’s in the ciabatta range!

      For a traditional round pizza, it needs to be very strong to be stretched thin. If you use a high hydration, your dough will not have the strength for shaping.

      In my opinion, most beginners go too high with the hydration and try to run before they can walk. I would highly recommend learning to make pizza with a 60% dough first. The kneading is easier and so is the shaping. Too many beginners use a wet dough that they cannot work with. The result is a often a dense and doughy pizza with poor shaping.

      I also believe that most people don’t realise how good 60% pizza can be. When kneaded properly, proved sufficiently, and shaped to perfection, the result is quite incredible. Once you can do that then I would say you can experiment with higher hydrations. But even then, gains are small, especially if you are making Neapolitan style pizza.

      The other factor that makes a huge difference is the oven. The higher the temperature, the better the pizza. This is why pizza ovens are so good. They cook at 450C/900F and this produces a pizza with an excellent texture.

      I can highly recommend the Ooni pizza ovens which you can check out here, I use an Ooni and it makes incredible pizza. If you are using a regular oven, be sure to cook at the highest temperature you can.

      I’m planning on making a video on poolish in the future so stay tuned for that. But in general, I would probably recommend sticking to normal pizza and perfecting that before moving onto poolish.

      And yes, you can just double all the ingredients to make more.

      If you do want to look more into different hydrations, feel free to check out my article on hydration here and my article on baker’s percentages here.

      Thank you for the questions and good luck!

  8. Ooni Karu
  9. Avatar for Teresa Teresa says:

    Hello and thank you for this recipe. I am on a quest for the perfect Neopolitan pizza and I hope this doesn’t disappoint. The dough is resting now. It was very dry, so I did add a bit more water. I’m having trouble trying to print the recipe and all of the steps without using 20 sheets of paper, so I think a “print recipe only” area would be helpful, at least to me. Or I’m open to suggestions. If using conventional oven, what would instructions be for that? Thank you for sharing

    1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

      Hi Teresa, having the print option may be something that I look into doing in the future. I think most people tend to use their phones for the recipe if possible? That’s what I do anyway but I take your point.

      For a conventional oven you can use exactly the same method. The only difference is that the pizza will take around 6-8 minutes to cook instead of around 60-90 seconds in a pizza oven. Also, the toppings can have a tendancy to burn in a regular oven so you may want to experiment with cooking the pizza for a minute or so first before adding the toppings and going back into the oven.

      I recommend preheating your oven to it’s maximum temperature with the fan turned on (if you have one). Feel free to check out my article here for more information on this.

      Thank you and good luck!

    2. Avatar for Jamie Jamie says:

      Hi Tom

      Love the website! Many recipies say to bulk ferment for 2 hours then ball and prove for 24 hours or so. Problem I find is the balls spread out too much and become sticky. I’ll be trying your approach to bulk ferment longer and prove for shorter time. What difference does this make?

      1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

        Hi Jamie, your explanation is the exact reason why I recommend a longer bulk ferment.

        When fermenting balls for a long time they lose their strength and their shape. This makes them more difficult to shape.

        Therefore, I recommend performing a longer bulk ferment and a shorter balled ferment. This will allow you to build a nice flavour and texture in the dough without sacrificing the workability.

        In addition, bulk proving allows you to monitor the dough better:

        – If the dough is overproving you can easily remove the gas (by hand) to slow the proving down (the gas will return as the dough continues to prove). This is known as knocking back (i’m planning an article on this soon). You can also refrigerate the dough to slow/almost stop the proving.

        – If it looks like the dough is proving too slowly, you can ball the dough sooner so that it will be ready sooner. You could also place the dough in a warmer place to speed up the process.

        If you had to knock back balled dough it would mean reballing them all over again!

        I hope this makes sense and good luck!

  10. Ooni Karu
  11. Avatar for Binks Binks says:

    Amazing page! I’ve learned so much already- thank you! What if I wanted to make this pizza on an evening. Can I use more of the dry active yeast and make the dough on the morning? Will this effect the dough much?
    Thank you in advance!

    1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

      Hi Binks, good to hear that you’re finding the site helpful.

      You can use more yeast and go for a 6-12 hour prove. I use an app called PizzApp+ which I find really helpful for figuring out how much yeast to use for different proves.

      You’ll probably need use 2-3 times as much yeast. In general, the dough won’t be quite as flavourful or as forgiving to work with but you can still make excellent pizza.

      Good luck!

  12. Ooni Karu
  13. Avatar for Mike Latessa Mike Latessa says:

    Hi, When doing the 20 hrs of Proving is it done in the refrigerator or just leave out on counter?

    1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

      Hi Mike, the 20 hours of proving is done out of the fridge, at room temperature. About 21C/70F is an ideal temperature if possible but a little hotter or cooler is fine too. Just bear in mind that the temperature will affect the proving somewhat.

      I have made a pizza dough calculator which you can check out here. This should help you to adjust the yeast to your room temperature.

      Thanks for the question and good luck with your pizza!

  14. Ooni Karu
  15. Avatar for Cindy Cindy says:

    Thank you so much for your work on this site. Very much appreciated and very well done!

    1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

      Thanks so much for the kind words Cindy. It pleases me that people are enjoying my content and it provides excellent encouragement. Cheers!

  16. Ooni Karu
  17. Avatar for liceo liceo says:

    This is an incredible site! Thanks!

    1. Avatar for Tom Rothwell Tom Rothwell says:

      Thank you Liceo, I’m glad you’re finding it helpful. Stay tuned as I have lots more planned!

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